Good kidney function is essential to any healthy body.
Functions of the kidney
- Remove waste products from the body
- Balance the body’s fluids
- Release hormones that regulate blood pressure
- Control the production of red blood cells
- Prevent the buildup of wastes and extra fluid in the body
- Keep levels of electrolytes stable, such as sodium, potassium, and phosphate
- Make hormones that helps regulate blood pressure, make red blood cells and makes bones stay strong.
Activities That Damage The Kidney
1. Not drinking enough water
The main job of our kidneys is to regulate erythrocyte balances and drain metabolic waste from the body. If the body is not properly hydrated, the renal blood flow decreases, resulting in accumulation of toxins in the blood. Concentrated, dark-colored urine is a sign that your kidneys are retaining fluids to maintain your bodily functions, and is a good indication that you need more water. Ideally, you’ll want to drink enough water to turn your urine a light-colored yellow. It’s important to recognize that your body loses water throughout each day, even when you’re not sweating, and that you need to constantly replenish this fluid loss. So, increase the rate of your water intake to help your kidney.
2. Delaying going to the toilet
Keeping your urine in your bladder for too long is a bad idea. A full bladder can cause bladder damage. The urine that stays in the bladder multiplies bacteria quickly. Once the urine refluxes back to the ureter and kidneys, the toxic substances can result in kidney infections, then urinary tract infections, and then nephritis, and even uremia. If you hold it in too frequently, you could be more likely to develop long-term urinary tract symptoms like frequent and painful urination.
3. Too much alcohol consumption
When we drink alcohol we often ignore the proper quantity suitable for good health. Too much alcoholic intake is a habit that can severely damage your kidneys. Alcohol is full of toxins that stress our kidneys thus damaging them. Alcohol can cause changes in the function of the kidneys and make them less able to filter your blood.
Diabetes occurs more often in people who sleep less, as does high blood pressure,and we know that two of the greatest factors that decrease kidney function are diabetes and high blood pressure. During the night when you sleep, the organs tissues are repairing themselves. Therefore, every time you don’t get good quality sleep, the renewal process is interrupted, resulting in damage to the kidneys and other organs.
5. Consumption of too much caffeine
Caffeine may be the most common drug in the human food supply. That mug of breakfast coffee, the cup of tea in the afternoon and the energy drink or cola on a hot day all contain caffeine. You may think of caffeine as a mild stimulant and use it for that purpose, but caffeine affects the whole body, including your kidneys. It is common that whenever we are thirsty we choose to drink other beverages like sodas and soft drinks rather than water. Many of these beverages contain caffeine. High blood pressure puts strain on the kidneys which can damage them, and caffeine can elevate blood pressure.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stated that smoking is bad for almost every organ of the body, including the kidneys. Smoking can interfere with medicines used to treat high blood pressure. Uncontrolled or poorly controlled high blood pressure is a leading cause of kidney disease caused by smoking. Also, smoking slows the blood flow to vital organs like the kidneys and can worsen already existing kidney disease.
7. High Salt Intake
Regularly intake of too much salt can also cause huge damage to your kidneys as well as other health problems. When salt intake is high, the kidneys need to work harder to excrete the excess salt. This in turn can lead to decreased kidney functioning, causing water retention in the body. Water retention can cause a hike in blood pressure and increase the risk of developing kidney disease.
Studies have also shown that salt intake increases the amount of urinary protein, one of the major risk factors for developing kidney disease.
The recommended amount of salt is no more than 5 grams a day. More than this amount is harmful for your kidneys as well as your overall health. 1 teaspoon of salt is about 6 grams.
8. Regular Use of Analgesics
Many of us have the habit of taking analgesics (over-the-counter painkillers) to control pain and reduce fever and inflammation. But this can damage different body organs, including the kidneys.
Research shows that analgesics may reduce blood flow to the kidneys and deteriorate kidney functioning. Moreover, heavy or long-term use of over-the-counter analgesics can cause acute renal failure or chronic kidney disease known as chronic interstitial nephritis.
If you have decreased kidney function, do not take painkillers without asking your doctor. Even with normal kidney function, analgesics should be used as directed, at the lowest dose possible and for the shortest time.
. “Don’t let your learning lead to knowledge. Let your learning lead to action.”
– Jim Rohn
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